Model calculation of N2 Vegard-Kaplan band emissions in Martian dayglow

Jain, Sonal Kumar ; Bhardwaj, Anil (2011) Model calculation of N2 Vegard-Kaplan band emissions in Martian dayglow Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 . E07005_1-E07005_11. ISSN 0148-0227

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A model for N2 Vegard-Kaplan (VK) band (A3Σu+−X1Σg+) emissions in Martian dayglow has been developed to explain the recent observations made by the Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Mars (SPICAM) ultraviolet spectrograph aboard Mars Express. Steady state photoelectron fluxes and volume excitation rates have been calculated using the analytical yield spectra technique. Since interstate cascading is important for triplet states of N2, the population of any given level of N2 triplet states is calculated under statistical equilibrium considering direct excitation, cascading, and quenching effects. Relative population of all vibrational levels of each triplet state is calculated in the model. Line of sight intensities and height-integrated overhead intensities have been calculated for VK, first positive (B3Πg−A3Σu+), second positive (C3Πu-B3Πg), and Wu-Benesch (W3Δu−B3Πg) bands of N2. A reduction in the N2 density by a factor of 3 in the Mars thermospheric general circulation model is required to obtain agreement between calculated limb profiles of VK (0-6) and SPICAM observation. Calculations are carried out to asses the impact of model parameters, namely, electron impact cross sections, solar EUV flux, and model atmosphere, on the emission intensities. Constraining the N2/CO2 ratio by SPICAM observations, we suggest the N2/CO2 ratios to be in the range 1.1-1.4% at 120 km, 1.8-3.2% at 140 km, and 4-7% at 170 km. During high solar activity the overhead intensity of N2 VK band emissions would be ~2.5 times higher than that during low solar activity.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union.
Keywords:Mars; Atmospheres; Emissions; Nitrogen
ID Code:64238
Deposited On:05 Oct 2011 12:14
Last Modified:18 May 2016 12:43

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