India's Deforestation: patterns and processes

Gadgil, Madhav (1990) India's Deforestation: patterns and processes Society & Natural Resources, 3 (2). pp. 131-143. ISSN 0894-1920

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Precolonial India was largely a nation of people who relied on their immediate surroundings for a diversity of biological resources and who had evolved a variety of cultural practices of prudent resource use. This system was radically transformed under British rule when cultivated as well as noncultivated lands were dedicated to the production of a small number of resources to be exported out of the locality. All tracts of erstwhile community-controlled lands were taken over as state property; some of these were set apart as reserved forest for commercial timber production; others were permitted to be used by local communities for meeting their biomass needs. The latter were no longer under community control and as no-man's-lands began to suffer over-exploitation. This process of nonsustainable forest use has been intensified after independence with forests increasingly dedicated to highly subsidized supply of raw materials to the forest-based industry.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Keywords:India; Deforestation; Tropical Forests; Traditional Resource Management Systems; Scientific Forestry; Colonial Impact
ID Code:64131
Deposited On:05 Oct 2011 10:44
Last Modified:18 May 2016 12:38

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