A sleep inducing factor from common Indian toad (Bufo melanostictus, Schneider) skin extract

Das, Manika ; Mallick, B. N. ; Dasgupta, S. C. ; Gomes, A. (2000) A sleep inducing factor from common Indian toad (Bufo melanostictus, Schneider) skin extract Toxicon, 38 (9). pp. 1267-1281. ISSN 0041-0101

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0041-0101(99)00229-9


Bufo melanostictus (common Indian toad) acquire different bioactive substances in their skin during their life-time in wide ecological habitat. Earlier investigation from this laboratory revealed that toad (B. melanostictus) skin extract (TSE) posses different bioactive compounds of different diversity (Das, M., Auddy, B. and Gomes, A., 1996. Pharmacological study of the toad skin extract on experimental animals. Indian J. Pharmacol. 28, 72-76). Among these sleep induction and sleep potentiation indicated the possibility of sleep inducing factor(s) in TSE. One such sleep inducing factor (SIF) was isolated and purified by neutral alumina column chromatography followed by HPLC. Spectroscopy (UV, IR, FAB-MASS) study indicated that the sleep inducing factor was a 880 Dalton conjugated aromatic compound with a hydroxyl and carbonyl functional group. Biological study showed that SIF produced no lethality in male albino mice upto the dose of 8 mg/kg, i.v. Cyproheptadine antagonised SIF induced contraction of isolated smooth muscle indicating histamine/serotonin receptor mediated action of SIF. EEG studies showed that SIF increased sleep and decreased awakening condition of freely moving rats. Biochemical studies showed that SIF produced significant alteration of brain biogenic amine levels, monoamine oxidase (MAO) and tryptophan hydroxylase (TH) activity. This may be the reason of SIF induced sleep, although the SIF induced sleep mechanism needs further detail investigation.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Toad Skin Extract; Bufo melanostictus; Sleep Inducing Factor; Bioactive Compound
ID Code:63716
Deposited On:29 Sep 2011 06:20
Last Modified:29 Sep 2011 06:20

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