Characterization of a cytotoxic pilin subunit of Xenorhabdus nematophila

Khandelwal, Puneet ; Bhatnagar, Rakesh ; Choudhury, Devapriya ; Banerjee, Nirupama (2004) Characterization of a cytotoxic pilin subunit of Xenorhabdus nematophila Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 314 (4). pp. 943-949. ISSN 0006-291X

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Xenorhabdus nematophila is an insect pathogenic bacterium, known to produce protein toxins that kill the larval host. We have described a cytotoxic pilin subunit of X. nematophila, which is expressed on the cell surface and also secreted in the extracellular medium associated with outer membrane vesicles. A 17 kDa pilin subunit was isolated and purified from X. nematophila cell surface. The protein showed cytotoxicity to larval hemocytes of Helicoverpa armigera in an in vitro assay, causing agglutination of the cells, and releasing cytoplasmic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase in the medium. The pilin protein was able to bind to the surface of larval hemocytes. The binding and cytotoxicity of the purified 17 kDa protein to hemocytes was inhibited by antiserum raised against the pilin protein. The study demonstrates for the first time a cytotoxic structural subunit of pilin from an entomopathogenic bacterium X. nematophila that is excreted in the extracellular medium with outer membrane vesicles.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Xenorhabdus; Hemocytes; Cytotoxic; Pilin Subunit
ID Code:63353
Deposited On:28 Sep 2011 10:13
Last Modified:28 Sep 2011 10:13

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