Age of the Lower Vindhyan sediments, Central India

Anil Kumar, ; Gopalan, K. ; Rajagopalan, G. (2001) Age of the Lower Vindhyan sediments, Central India Current Science, 81 (7). pp. 806-809. ISSN 0011-3891

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The basic issue raised by the two simultaneous and sensational reports in 1998 of body fossil evidence (worm tracks and small shelly fauna, respectively) of multicellular life in the Lower Vindhyan sediments, is the true age of the latter. Is the true age Mid-Proterozoic as believed so far, on limited geochronological data and assumed by Seilacher et al.? Or is it only Early Cambrian, as was argued by Azmi and supported by a single preliminary Ar-Ar age of 617 Ma measured soon after the reports? Although both the fossil evidences are now equivocal, the basic issue remains. We report consistent Rb-Sr ages for glauconies from the Lower Vindhyan sediments (Semri Group) near Chitrakut, which constrain the onset of the earliest Vindhyan sedimentation to not later than 1600 Ma. Considering other available chronological constraints, the Vindhyan basin is likely to preserve a rare, very long and least disturbed record of Pre-cambrian sedimentation.

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