Identification and characterization of rel promoter element of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Jain, Vikas ; Sujatha, Subbanna ; Ojha, Anil Kumar ; Chatterji, Dipankar (2005) Identification and characterization of rel promoter element of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Gene, 351 . pp. 149-157. ISSN 0378-1119

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The rel gene is responsible for the maintenance of the level of (p)ppGpp in bacteria under nutrient starvation. This phenomenon known as stringent response plays an important role during survival of the microorganisms in stationary phase. We have cloned 1.6 kb upstream sequence of rel gene of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a shuttle vector pSD5B containing promoterless lacZ gene and promoter activity was observed in Mycobacterium smegmatis cells by blue/white selection and was measured by β -galactosidase assay. In order to delineate the minimal promoter element of rel gene, a 200 bp fragment from this 1.6 kb upstream sequence was further cloned in promoterless lacZ shuttle vector pSD5B and promoter activity was observed in M. smegmatis cells in similar way. The 200 bp promoter fragment was found to be mycobacterium specific and did not respond when transformed in Escherichia coli. The +1 transcription start site was determined by primer extension method. The -10 promoter region was identified to be TATCCT. The three T bases when mutated, showed a remarkable decrease in the lacZ expression thus confirming the -10 region. The translation start site has also been identified by site directed frame shift mutagenesis. It appears that this rel promoter can be used for expression of proteins in mycobacteria.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:rel Promoter; 200 bp; lacZ Expression; Constitutive; Reporter Assay
ID Code:6309
Deposited On:20 Oct 2010 11:12
Last Modified:08 Feb 2011 04:57

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