Caspase dependence of target cell damage induced by cytotoxic lymphocytes

Sarin, Apurva ; Haddad, Elias K. ; Henkart, Pierre A. (1998) Caspase dependence of target cell damage induced by cytotoxic lymphocytes The Journal of Immunology, 161 (6). pp. 2810-2816. ISSN 0022-1767

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Since the CTL secreted granule protease granzyme B can activate multiple target caspases, it has been proposed that this pathway is responsible for CTL-induced cytolysis of Fas-negative targets. However, target lysis via the granule exocytosis pathway is completely resistant to caspase inhibitors. To test the possibility that granzymes trigger a postcaspase cytoplasmic apoptotic pathway leading to lysis, we have examined the caspase dependence of several cytoplasmic changes associated with apoptotic death. Rapid prelytic phosphatidylserine externalization was induced in Jurkat target cells by both the Fas ligand (FasL)/Fas and the granule exocytosis effector pathways. This was specifically blocked by peptide ketone caspase inhibitors when induced by the former, but not by the latter, pathway. A rapid prelytic loss of target mitochondrial ψ was also induced by both CTL effector pathways, and this was also specifically blocked by caspase inhibitors when induced by the FasL/Fas, but not by the granule exocytosis, pathway. Similarly, target membrane blebbing induced by CTL via the FasL/Fas, but not via the granule exocytosis, effector pathway was specifically blocked by caspase inhibitors. In contrast to the above nonnuclear damage, CTL-induced target staining by the lipid probe FM1-43 reflecting plasma membrane endocytosis was blocked by caspase inhibitors. Thus, when caspase activation is blocked, the granule exocytosis pathway triggers several parameters of target apoptotic damage in addition to lysis, suggesting that granzymes directly trigger a postcaspase cytoplasmic apoptotic death pathway.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Association of Immunologists.
ID Code:62157
Deposited On:19 Sep 2011 11:47
Last Modified:19 Sep 2011 11:47

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