Co-seismic secondary surface fractures on Southeastward extension of the rupture zone of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake

Jayangondaperumal, R. ; Thakur, V. C. (2008) Co-seismic secondary surface fractures on Southeastward extension of the rupture zone of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake Tectonophysics, 446 (1-4). pp. 61-76. ISSN 0040-1951

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After the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, we mapped surface ground fractures in Tangdhar, Uri, Rajouri and Punch sectors and liquefaction features in Jammu area lying close to the eastern side of the Line of Control (LOC) in Kashmir, India. The NW trending ground fractures occurred largely in the hanging wall zone of the southeastern extension of the causative fault in Tangdhar and Uri sectors. The principal compressive stress deduced from the earthquake induced ground fractures is oriented at N10°, whereas the causative Balakot-Bagh fault strikes 330°. The fault-plane solution indicates primarily SW thrusting of the causative fault with a component of strike-slip motion. The ground fractures reflect pronounced strike-slip together with some tensile component. The Tangdhar area showing left-lateral strike-slip motion lies on the hanging wall, and the Uri region showing right-lateral strike-slip movement is located towards the southeastern extension of the causative fault zone. The shear fractures are related to static stress that was responsible for the failure of causative fault. The tensile fractures with offsets are attributed to combination of both static and dynamic stresses, and the fractures and openings without offsets owe their origin due to dynamic stress. In Punch-Rajouri and Jammu area, which lies on the footwall, the fractures and liquefactions were generated by dynamic stress. The occurrence of liquefaction features in the out board part of the Himalayan range front near Jammu is suggestive of stress transfer not, vert, similar ~230 km southeast of the epicenter. The Balakot-Bagh Fault (BBF), the Muzaffarabad anticline, the rupture zone of causative fault and the zone of aftershocks-all are aligned in a not, vert, similar ~25 km wide belt along the NW-SE trending regional Himalayan strike of Kashmir region and lying between the MBT and the Riasi Thrust (Murree Thrust), suggesting a seismogenic zone that may propagate towards the southeast to trigger an earthquake in the eastern part of the Kashmir region.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Kashmir 2005 Earthquake; Analysis of Ground Fractures; Stress Transfer; Liquefaction Features
ID Code:62111
Deposited On:16 Sep 2011 06:15
Last Modified:16 Sep 2011 06:15

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