Valence charge fluctuations in Tl2-x-zBa2Ca2+xCu3O10-y system

Gopinath, C. S. ; Subramanian, S. ; Paranthaman, M. ; Hermann, A. M. (1994) Valence charge fluctuations in Tl2-x-zBa2Ca2+xCu3O10-y system Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 109 (2). pp. 211-218. ISSN 0022-4596

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Systematic XPS core level studies and wet chemical analysis in the Tl2-x-zBa2Ca2+xCu3O10-y system have been carried out for the "as synthesized" samples. Broadening of Ca 2p core level and ionic radii considerations suggest that calcium substitutes at the Tl site. The valence state of thallium in Tl2223 is between +3 and +1, and substitution of calcium at thallium site oxidizes thallium to Tl(III) to optimize the hole concentration and maximize Tc. Origin of holes in this system is discussed in terms of charge transfer between Tl (or Tl, Ca) and CuO2 layers. The Cu 2p3/2 core level shows that the relative intensity of satellite, the energy separation between main line and the satellite and binding energy of main line varies in a systematic way. The observed variations are explained with a simplified configuration interaction model. An increase in charge transfer energy and a decrease in hybridization strength is predicted for higher Ca substitution.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:61765
Deposited On:15 Sep 2011 12:04
Last Modified:15 Sep 2011 12:04

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