Microscopic solvation of a lithium atom in water-ammonia mixed clusters: solvent coordination and electron localization in presence of a counterion

Pratihar, Subha ; Chandra, Amalendu (2008) Microscopic solvation of a lithium atom in water-ammonia mixed clusters: solvent coordination and electron localization in presence of a counterion Journal of Chemical Physics, 129 (2). 024511_1-024511_11. ISSN 1674-0068

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Official URL: http://link.aip.org/link/?JCPSA6/129/024511/1

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2951989


The microsolvation structures and energetics of water-ammonia mixed clusters containing a lithium atom, i.e., Li(H2O)n(NH3), n = 1-5, are investigated by means of ab initio theoretical calculations. Several structural aspects such as the solvent coordination to the metal ion and binding motifs of the free valence electron of the metal are investigated. We also study the energetics aspects such as the dependence of vertical ionization energies on the cluster size, and all these structural and energetics aspects are compared to the corresponding results of previously studied anionic water-ammonia clusters without a metal ion. It is found that the Li-O and Li-N interactions play a very important role in stabilizing the lithium-water-ammonia clusters, and the presence of these metal ion-solvent interactions also affect the characteristics of electron solvation in these clusters. This is seen from the spatial distribution of the singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) which holds the ejected valence electron of the Li atom. For very small clusters, SOMO electron density is found to exist mainly at the vicinity of the Li atom, whereas for larger clusters, it is distributed outside the first solvation shell. The free dangling hydrogens of water and ammonia molecules are involved in capturing the SOMO electron density. In some of the conformers, OH{e}HO and OH{e}HN types of interactions are found to be present. The presence of the metal ion at the center of the cluster ensures that the ejected electron is solvated at a surface state only, whereas both surface and interiorlike states were found for the free electron in the corresponding anionic clusters without a metal ion. The vertical ionization energies of the present clusters are found to be higher than the vertical detachment energies of the corresponding anionic clusters which signify a relatively stronger binding of the free electron in the presence of the positive metal counterion. The shifts in different vibrational frequencies are also calculated for the larger clusters, and the results are discussed for some of the selective modes of water and ammonia molecules that are directly influenced by the location and hydrogen bonding state of these molecules in the clusters.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords:Ab Initio Calculations; Ammonium Compounds; Hydrogen Bonds; Ionisation; Ion-molecule Reactions; Lithium; Molecular Clusters; Solvation; Surface States; Water
ID Code:6121
Deposited On:19 Oct 2010 10:53
Last Modified:27 Jan 2011 08:10

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