CFD simulation of stirred tanks: comparison of turbulence models. Part I: Radial flow impellers

Joshi, Jyeshtharaj B. ; Nere, Nandkishor K. ; Rane, Chinmay V. ; Murthy, B. N. ; Mathpati, Channamallikarjun S. ; Patwardhan, Ashwin W. ; Ranade, Vivek V. (2011) CFD simulation of stirred tanks: comparison of turbulence models. Part I: Radial flow impellers The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 89 (1). pp. 23-82. ISSN 0008-4034

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A critical review of the published literature regarding the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling of single-phase turbulent flow in stirred tank reactors is presented. In this part of review, CFD simulations of radial flow impellers (mainly disc turbine (DT)) in a fully baffled vessel operating in a turbulent regime have been presented. Simulated results obtained with different impeller modelling approaches (impeller boundary condition, multiple reference frame, computational snap shot and the sliding mesh approaches) and different turbulence models (standard k-ε model, RNG k-ε model, the Reynolds stress model (RSM) and large eddy simulation) have been compared with the in-house laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) experimental data. In addition, recently proposed modifications to the standard k-ε models were also evaluated. The model predictions (of all the mean velocities, turbulent kinetic energy and its dissipation rate) have been compared with the experimental measurements at various locations in the tank. A discussion is presented to highlight strengths and weaknesses of currently used CFD models. A preliminary analysis of sensitivity of modelling assumptions in the k-ε models and RSM has been carried out using LES database. The quantitative comparison of exact and modelled turbulence production, transport and dissipation terms has highlighted the reasons behind the partial success of various modifications of standard k-ε model as well as RSM. The volume integral of predicted energy dissipation rate is compared with the energy input rate. Based on these results, suggestions have been made for the future work in this area.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords:CFD; Stirred Vessel; Radial Flow Impellers; Impeller Models; k-ε Models; RSM; LES
ID Code:61149
Deposited On:13 Sep 2011 11:16
Last Modified:12 Jul 2012 09:51

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