Glucagon-stimulable adenylyl cyclase in rat liver. The impact of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus

Dighe, R. R. ; Rojas, F. J. ; Birnbaumer, L. ; Garber, A. J. (1984) Glucagon-stimulable adenylyl cyclase in rat liver. The impact of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus Journal of Clinical Investigation, 73 (4). pp. 1013-1023. ISSN 0021-9738

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Glucagon receptor levels, glucagon-stimulated and other forms of adenylyl cyclase activity, and regulatory component activity of adenylyl cyclase were determined in hepatic plasma membranes of rats administered streptozotocin without and with insulin to produce varying degrees of hyperglycemia. Receptor levels were assayed by direct binding of the specific probe [125I-Tyr10]-iodoglucagon; regulatory component activity was assayed by the capacity to reconstitute stimulatory regulation in deficient membranes from cyc S49 murine lymphoma cells. In rats given 150 mg streptozotocin, glucagon stimulation of adenylyl cyclase as well as basal, sodium fluoride, 5' guanylylimidodiphosphate [GMP-P(NH)P] and Mn-dependent activities were reduced 50%, glucagon receptor levels but not affinity were reduced 67%, and regulatory component activity was decreased 50%. In addition, α1-adrenergic receptors and 5'-nucleotidase were similarly reduced in diabetes. However, specific ouabain-inhibitable Na+, K+, ATPase activity was not altered by streptozotocin treatment. The streptozotocin-induced changes were noted within 24 h and became maximal by 120 h after its administration. All of these decreases were partially reversed by in vivo insulin treatment. DNA, cytochrome c oxidase, glucose-6-phosphatase, and N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase content in hepatic plasma membrane preparations were not substantially different in diabetic as compared with control animals. The data demonstrate that glucagon-mediated regulation of cyclic AMP formation is deranged in insulin deficiency owing to a combined decrease in receptors, derangement of the coupling mechanism intervening between receptor and adenylyl cyclase, and possibly, an altered basal effector system. Some of these changes appear to reflect a "desensitization-like" phenomenon which may or may not be attributable to the hyperglucagonemia of diabetes mellitus. There also appears to be a concurrent generalized decrease in several but not all plasma membrane receptor and enzymatic proteins. This may be the result of a number of processes among which is the accelerated proteolysis of uncontrolled diabetes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Clinical Investigation.
ID Code:60528
Deposited On:09 Sep 2011 04:16
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