Remarkable photocytotoxicity in hypoxic HeLa cells by a dipyridophenazine copper(II) Schiff base thiolate

Lahiri, Debojyoti ; Majumdar, Ritankar ; Mallick, Dibyendu ; Goswami, Tridib K. ; Dighe, Rajan R. ; Chakravarty, Akhil R. (2011) Remarkable photocytotoxicity in hypoxic HeLa cells by a dipyridophenazine copper(II) Schiff base thiolate Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 105 (8). pp. 1086-1094. ISSN 0162-0134

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Copper(II) complexes [Cu(satp)(L)] (1-3) of a Schiff base thiolate (salicylidene-2-aminothiophenol, H2satp) and phenanthroline bases (L), viz. 1,10-phenanthroline (phen in 1), dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq in 2) and dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz in 3), were prepared, characterized and their anaerobic DNA photocleavage activity and hypoxic photocytotoxicity studied. The redox active complexes show the Cu(II)-Cu(I) couple near -0.5 V for 1 and near 0.0 V vs. SCE (saturated calomel electrode) for 2 and 3. The one-electron paramagnetic complexes (~1.85 μB) are avid DNA binders giving Kb values within 1.0×105-8.0×105 M−1. Thermal melting and viscosity data along with molecular docking calculations suggest DNA groove and/or partial intercalative binding of the complexes. The complexes show anaerobic DNA cleavage activity in red light under argon via type-I pathway, while DNA photocleavage in air proceeds via hydroxyl radical pathway. The DFT (density functional theory) calculations reveal a thyil radical pathway for the anaerobic DNA photocleavage activity and suggest the possibility of generation of a transient copper(I) species due to bond breakage between the copper and sulfur to generate the thyil radical. An oxidation of the copper(I) species is likely by oxygen in an aerobic medium or by the buffer medium in an anaerobic condition. Complex 3 exhibits significant photocytotoxicity in HeLa cells (IC50=8.3(±1.0) μM) in visible light, while showing lower dark toxicity (IC50=17.2(±1.0) μM). A significant reduction in the dark toxicity is observed under hypoxic cellular conditions (IC50=30.0(±1.0) μM in dark), while retaining its photocytotoxicity (IC50=8.0(±1.0) μM).

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Copper(II) Complexes; Schiff Base; Phenanthroline Bases; Anaerobic DNA Photocleavage; Hypoxic Photocytotoxicity; Hela Cells
ID Code:60504
Deposited On:09 Sep 2011 03:36
Last Modified:04 Jul 2012 06:40

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