Comparative transmission of, and varietal reaction to, three isolates of rice tungro virus disease

Dahal, G. ; Dasgupta, I. ; Lee, G. ; Hull, R. (1992) Comparative transmission of, and varietal reaction to, three isolates of rice tungro virus disease Annals of Applied Biology, 120 (2). pp. 287-300. ISSN 0003-4746

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Comparative transmission by leafhoppers of three tungro isolates obtained from the Philippines, India and Malaysia, and of an infectious clone of the Philippine isolate of rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) by agroinoculation, was conducted on 12 rice cultivars. The symptoms, including height of inoculated plants were recorded and the efficiency of RTBV and rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV) transmission was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In most cases, the reduction of height and leaf symptoms of plants infected with RTBV and/or RTSV by the three isolates were similar in any given cultivar. On cultivar ASD7, the Malaysian isolate showed more severe yellow orange leaf discolouration symptoms than the Indian isolate which in turn had more severe leaf discolouration than the Philippine isolate. On the other hand, cultivars ASD 7 and Ptb 18 produced the most severe yellow orange leaf discolouration when agroinoculated with an infectious RTBV clone of the Philippine isolate. There was some variation in the transmission profile of the two tungro viruses among the three isolates. However, there was no one clear set of characteristics by which one could use cultivars to distinguish isolates. The amount of viral DNA in agroinfected plants of cultivars Utri merah, Balimau putih, Utri Rajapan and ARC 11554 was low, while the amount was high in cultivars TN1, ASD7, Ptb 18 and TKM 6. There was high correlation between the amount of viral coat protein by ELISA and viral nucleic acid by DNA hybridisation on 10 agroinoculated rice cultivars; this might indicate that similar proportions of the total RTBV DNA are encapsidated in each cultivar.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Association of Applied Biologists.
Keywords:Tungro Isolates; Leafhopper Transmission; Agroinoculation; DNA Analysis; Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay
ID Code:60497
Deposited On:09 Sep 2011 03:39
Last Modified:09 Sep 2011 03:39

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