On the development of flow pattern in a bubble column reactor: experiments and CFD

Kulkarni, A. A. ; Ekambara, K. ; Joshi, J. B. (2007) On the development of flow pattern in a bubble column reactor: experiments and CFD Chemical Engineering Science, 62 (4). pp. 1049-1072. ISSN 0009-2509

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2006.10.011


A comprehensive analysis of the development of flow pattern in a bubble column reactor is presented here through extensive LDA measurements and CFD predictions. In the LDA measurements, the simultaneous measurements of 2D velocity-time data were carried out at several radial locations and many axial cross-sections of the column for two different spargers. The profiles of mean axial liquid velocity, fractional gas hold-up and bubble slip velocity showed excellent agreement between the predictions and the experimentally measured values. The experimental results showed that the mean tangential velocity varies systematically in the radial as well as along the axial co-ordinates. The turbulence parameters viz. turbulent kinetic energy, energy dissipation rate and eddy diffusivity were also analysed. The estimated values of local energy dissipation rate obtained using eddy isolation model were used for establishing the energy balance in the column. The experimental data were used for the estimation of normal and shear stress profiles. For the case of single point sparger, just above the sparger region, the bubble plume was seen to have a strong tangential component of motion thereby yielding higher gas hold-up slightly away from the centre. This visual observation was well captured in profiles of all the hydrodynamic parameters obtained from the experimental data. CFD simulations of the mean velocities, gas hold-up and turbulent kinetic energy compared well with the experimental results.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Bubble Column; Hydrodynamics; LDA; CFD; Flow Pattern
ID Code:60146
Deposited On:08 Sep 2011 09:52
Last Modified:08 Sep 2011 09:52

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