Non A non B hepatitis epidemic in Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh

Risbud, A. R. ; Chadha, M. S. ; Kushwah, S. S. ; Arankalle, V. A. ; Rodrigues, F. M. ; Banerjee, K. (1992) Non A non B hepatitis epidemic in Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 40 (4). pp. 262-264. ISSN 0004-5772

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An epidemic of viral hepatitis occurred at Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh during December 1989 through April 1990. A total of 302 cases were admitted to Gandhi Memorial Hospital. Few cases were reported from the adjacent rural areas. Twenty six of the 40 wards of the city were affected and 7 wards were most affected with attack rates ranging from 3-7 per cent. Seventy one per cent of the hospitalised cases were 15 to 35 years of age. Males constituted 72.2% of the cases. In 37 patients (12.2%) the illness had a fatal outcome. The cases fatality rate was 7.9% in males and 20.6% in females. There were leakages in water supply pipe lines at many places which ran parallel to or were laid across open gutters. The source of infection appeared to be water contaminated by sewage. Results of serological tests indicated a non-A, non-B hepatitis viral aetiology of the epidemic.

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