Quantitation of hepatitis B virus DNA by real-time PCR using internal amplification control and dual TaqMan MGB probes

Lole, Kavita S. ; Arankalle, Vidya A. (2006) Quantitation of hepatitis B virus DNA by real-time PCR using internal amplification control and dual TaqMan MGB probes Journal of Virological Methods, 135 (1). pp. 83-90. ISSN 0166-0934

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2006.02.004


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA quantitation is used extensively for monitoring of antiviral treatment of HBV infection. A real-time PCR assay was developed using a TaqMan minor groove binder probe and primers corresponding to HBV pre-core region for HBV DNA quantitation. A 228 bp fragment from this genomic region of HBV was cloned and serial dilutions of plasmid DNA were used as an external DNA standard. Comparison of the real-time PCR quantitation results from 35 clinical serum samples with those obtained by COBAS Amplicor HBV DNA monitor kit (Roche Diagnostics) revealed a significant correlation (r=0.92) for all the samples. The assay showed wide dynamic linear range between 2.5×102 and 2.5×1010 copies/ml serum. Sera from 25 healthy individuals tested negative indicating the high specificity of the assay. The median coefficients of variation for both intra- and inter-experimental variability were 4.9% and 10.6%, respectively, which indicated remarkable reproducibility. An internal amplification control (IC) was developed to detect the presence of PCR inhibitors in the samples to avoid false negative results. The IC had the same primer binding sites but different internal sequence and it competed with the virus-derived target. The optimum concentration of IC was found to be 100 copies/reaction. The assay was validated by testing serial dilutions of the WHO international HBV DNA standard. Since conserved regions were considered during primer and probe design, the assay should be applicable to all HBV genotypes. The real-time assay will be useful for monitoring HBV-infected patients in routine diagnostic laboratories and in clinical practice enabling analysis of a wide dynamic range of HBV DNA in a single, undiluted sample.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:HBV DNA Quantitation; Real-time PCR; Internal Control
ID Code:59759
Deposited On:07 Sep 2011 14:39
Last Modified:07 Sep 2011 14:39

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