Retrospective analysis of blood transfusion recipients: evidence for post-transfusion hepatitis E

Arankalle, V. A. ; Chobe, L. P. (2000) Retrospective analysis of blood transfusion recipients: evidence for post-transfusion hepatitis E Vox Sanguinis, 79 (2). pp. 72-74. ISSN 0042-9007

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Background and Objectives: Of 200 volunteer blood donors we had screened earlier for hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA, using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, 3 were positive, raising the possibility of transfusion-associated hepatitis E in areas endemic for this virus. This retrospective study was to reassess the extent of post-transfusion hepatitis E among transfusion recipients, investigated in 1982. Materials and Methods: We re-evaluated 56 recipients followed biweekly for 3 months after transfusion. The controls were 51 normal, healthy persons who gave blood at a 2-month interval, as well as 412 blood donors from whom blood was taken once in 1982. Results: Of the 56 transfusion recipients, 19 were positive for lgG antibodies against HEV (anti-HEV) in the pretransfusion sample. Two of the 37 lgG anti-HEV-negative recipients seroconverted to lgM and lgG anti-HEV 5 and 4 weeks after transfusion, 1 with raised serum alanine aminotransferase levels. None showed symptoms of hepatitis. Attempts to detect HEV RNA in transfused blood, from aliquot units stored at -20°C for over 17 years, were not successful. Of the controls, 17 out of 51 were lgG anti-HEV positive in the initial sample itself. None of the 34 lgG anti-HEV-negative controls seroconverted during the 2-month follow-up. Of the blood donors, 154 out of 412 were lgG anti-HEV positive. None of the 412 donors had circulating lgM anti-HEV antibodies. A significantly higher (p < 0.03) proportion of susceptible transfusion recipients were lgM anti-HEV positive as compared with susceptible blood donors. Conclusion: The results suggest that, in countries where HEV is endemic, the transmission of hepatitis E may be associated with blood transfusion.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
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Deposited On:07 Sep 2011 14:36
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