Theory of nonstationary activated rate processes: Nonexponential kinetics

Chaudhuri, Jyotipratim Ray ; Gangopadhyay, Gautam ; Ray, Deb Shankar (1998) Theory of nonstationary activated rate processes: Nonexponential kinetics The Journal of Chemical Physics, 109 . 5565_1-5565_11. ISSN 0021-9606

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We have explored a simple microscopic model to simulate a thermally activated rate process where the associated bath which comprises a set of relaxing modes is not in an equilibrium state. The model captures some of the essential features of non-Markovian Langevin dynamics with a fluctuating barrier. Making use of the Fokker-Planck description, we calculate the barrier dynamics in the steady-state and nonstationary regimes. The Kramers-Grote-Hynes reactive frequency has been computed in closed form in the steady state to illustrate the strong dependence of the dynamic coupling of the system with the relaxing modes. The influence of nonequilibrium excitation of the bath modes and its relaxation on the kinetics of activation of the system mode are demonstrated. We derive the dressed time-dependent Kramers rate in the nonstationary regime in closed analytical form which exhibits strong nonexponential kinetics of the reaction coordinate. The feature can be identified as a typical non-Markovian dynamical effect.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords:Relaxation; Reaction Kinetics Theory; Digital Simulation; Fokker-Planck Equation
ID Code:59099
Deposited On:03 Sep 2011 11:58
Last Modified:03 Sep 2011 11:58

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