A study of coronal X-ray emission from short-period algol binaries

Singh, K. P. ; Drake, S. A. ; White, N. E. (1995) A study of coronal X-ray emission from short-period algol binaries The Astrophysical Journal, 445 (2). pp. 840-854. ISSN 0004-637X

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/doi/10.1086/175744

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/175744


A study of X-ray emission from five short-period Algol-type binaries based on observations with Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA) and ROSAT is presented. We have observed RZ Cas with both satellites, and β Per, U Cep, δ Lib, and TW Dra with ROSAT. Significant intensity variations are seen in the X-ray emission from RZ Cas, U Cep, TW Dra, and δ Lib. These variations seem unrelated to the eclipsing behavior of these systems and are probably due to either rotational modulation of compact active regions on the surfaces of the chromospherically active secondary components or to flaring activity in the systems. The spectra of all but one of the systems require the presence of at least two discrete plasma components with different temperatures (0.6-0.7 keV, and ~2 keV) and the abundances of the medium-Z elements 20%-50% of the solar photospheric values. The high resolving power and signal-to-noise ratio of the ASCA spectra allow us to individually constrain the coronal abundances of O, Ne, Mg, Si, S, and Fe in RZ Cas. We demonstrate that, if we use the elemental abundances and temperatures obtained from the analysis of their ASCA spectra as (fixed) inputs, to fit the ROSAT PSPC spectra well requires the presence of a third component (kT~0.2-0.3 keV) in RZ Cas and β Per. A continuous emission measure model of the power-law type (EM(T)∝(T/Tmaxα) generally gives a poor fit to the ASCA and ROSAT data on most sources. Circumstellar or circumbinary absorbing matter seems to be present in some of these systems, as indicated by the variable total column density needed to fit their X-ray spectra.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Astronomical Society.
Keywords:Eclipsing Binary Stars; Emission Spectra; Spectrum Analysis; Stellar Coronas; Stellar Envelopes; X Ray Spectra; Abundance; Light Curve; Mathematical Models; Proportional Counters; Rosat Mission; Stellar Luminosity; Stellar Temperature
ID Code:59023
Deposited On:03 Sep 2011 12:10
Last Modified:18 May 2016 09:44

Repository Staff Only: item control page