Temporal variations in the sun's rotational kinetic energy

Antia, H. M. ; Chitre, S. M. ; Gough, D. O. (2008) Temporal variations in the sun's rotational kinetic energy Astronomy & Astrophysics, 477 (2). pp. 657-663. ISSN 0004-6361

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078209


Aims: We study the variation of the angular momentum and the rotational kinetic energy of the Sun, and associated variations in the gravitational multipole moments, on a timescale of the solar cycle. Methods. These quantities are determined by inverting helioseismic rotational splitting data obtained by the Global Oscillation Network Group and by the Michelson Doppler Imager on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Results: The temporal variation in angular momentum and kinetic energy at high latitudes (>π/4) through the convection zone is positively correlated with the level of solar activity, whereas at low latitudes it is anticorrelated, except in the top 10% by radius where both are correlated positively. Conclusions. The helioseismic data imply significant temporal variation in the angular momentum and the rotational kinetic energy, and in the gravitational multipole moments. The properties of that variation will help constrain dynamical theories of the solar cycle.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to European Southern Observatory.
Keywords:Sun: Interior; Sun: Rotation; Sun: Activity; Sun: Helioseismology; Sun: Magnetic Fields; Sun: Oscillations
ID Code:5846
Deposited On:19 Oct 2010 10:36
Last Modified:16 May 2016 16:17

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