Biological spectrum and other structural functional attributes of the vegetation of Kumaun Himalaya

Saxena, A. K. ; Pandey, Prema ; Singh, J. S. (1982) Biological spectrum and other structural functional attributes of the vegetation of Kumaun Himalaya Vegetatio, 49 (2). pp. 111-119. ISSN 0042-3106

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Spectra on life form, leaf size, leaf persistence, flowering season, and shade tolerance of trees in different vegetation types occurring within the north-western catchment of the river Gola in Kumaun Himalaya are presented. The flora of Quercus leucotrichophora, Quercus lanuginosa and Quercus floribunda forests is phanerophytic, that of Pinus roxburghii and mixed forests therophytic. The grassland vegetation is characterized by the largest percentage of hemicryptophytes. The flora of the whole area, is therophytic. The biological spectrum for the entire Kumaun Himalaya is characterized as therohemigeophytic. Among the various altitudinal zones, the tropical has a preponderance of phanerophytes, the temperate and the alpine of hemicryptophytes. The observations on leaf size indicate that with the exception of Pinus roxburghii forest, in all vegetation types, the species with microphylls are greater in number. In this region, the vegetation expression is evergreen, although the tree flora has a considerable content of deciduous elements. In all the forests, the flowering period in most of the trees is vernal. On the basis of relative density, the greatest proportions of adult trees in the Pinus roxburghii and Quercus lanuginosa forests are shade intolerant, while in the mixed and Quercus leucotrichophora forests maximum trees are intermediate in shade tolerance. With the exception of the Pinus roxburghii forest, all the forests exhibit the dominance of trees which are shade tolerant at the seedling stage. On the basis of relative density, all forest types, except for Pinus roxburghii forest, have 74.5 to 100% trees with the potentiality of vegetative reproduction.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:Biological Spectrum; Kumaun Himalaya; Leaf Persistence; Leaf Size; Life Form; Shade Tolerance
ID Code:58340
Deposited On:31 Aug 2011 06:25
Last Modified:31 Aug 2011 06:25

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