Influence of grazing and soil conditions on secondary savanna vegetation in India

Pandey, C. B. ; Singh, J. S. (1991) Influence of grazing and soil conditions on secondary savanna vegetation in India Journal of Vegetation Science, 2 (1). pp. 95-102. ISSN 1100-9233

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Savanna vegetation and pertinent soil features were studied on 43 sites in a dry tropical forest region of India. Grazing intensity ranged from 0.68 to 0.98. Soil moisture was positively related to the proportion of fine soil particles (< 0.1 mm), and the latter decreased while the proportion of coarse particles (2.0-0.5 mm) increased with increasing grazing intensity. Canopy biomass ranged from 28 to 104 g/m2 in grazed communities and from 230 to 337 g/m2 in ungrazed communities and was positively related to vegetation cover which ranged between 30 - 72 % in grazed and 68 - 91 % in ungrazed communities. Vegetation cover was negatively related to grazing intensity. Species richness and diversity were highest at low grazing intensity. Using community coefficients and Detrended Correspondence Analysis, the grazed stands were clustered into six and the ungrazed ones into three communities. The grazed communities were recognised as degradation stages and the ungrazed ones as recovery stages. Only five grass species, in various combinations were able to dominate in one of the different stages. Evidently the harsh climatic conditions (high temperatures, high variability in rainfall and a long dry period) in the region permit only a few species already adapted to these conditions to participate in the succession.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Opulus Press.
Keywords:Multivariate Analysis; Recovery; Succession; Tropical Savanna
ID Code:58262
Deposited On:31 Aug 2011 06:30
Last Modified:31 Aug 2011 06:30

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