Trehalose toxicity in Cuscuta refexa: correlation with low trehalase activity

Veluthambi, K. ; Mahadevan, S. ; Maheshwari, Ramesh (1981) Trehalose toxicity in Cuscuta refexa: correlation with low trehalase activity Plant Physiology, 68 . pp. 1369-1374. ISSN 0032-0889

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A toxic effect of α,α-trehalose in an angiospermic plant, Cuscuta reflexa (dodder), Is described. This disaccharide and Its analogs, 2-aminotrehalose and 4-aminotbhakose, induced a raid blackening of the terminal region of the vine which is Involved in elongation growth. From the results of in vitro growth of several angkiopermic plants and determination of trehalase activity in them, it is concluded that the toxic effect of trehalose in Cucaa is because of the very low trehalas activity In the vine. As a result, trehalose accumulates In the vine and interferes with some process closely associated with growth. The growth potential of Lemma (a duckweed) in a medium containing trehalose as the carbon source was ihreversibly lost upon addition of trealosamine, an Inhibitor of trehalase activity. It is concluded that, if allowed to accumulate within the tissue, trehalose may be potentiaMly toxic or inhibitory to higher plants in generaL The presence of trhalase actvity in plants, where Its substrate has not been found to occur, is envisged to relieve the plant from the toxic effects of trehalose which it may encounter in soil or during association with fungi or insects.

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Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Plant Biologists.
ID Code:57256
Deposited On:26 Aug 2011 03:39
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