Cloning of Pseudomonas aeruginosa algG, which controls alginate structure

Chitnis, C. E. ; Ohman, D. E. (1990) Cloning of Pseudomonas aeruginosa algG, which controls alginate structure Journal of Bacteriology, 172 (6). pp. 2894-2900. ISSN 0021-9193

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The biochemical mechanism by which alpha-L-guluronate (G) residues are incorporated into alginate by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is not understood. P. aeruginosa first synthesizes GDP-mannuronate, which is used to incorporate beta-D-mannuronate residues into the polymer. It is likely that the conversion of some beta-D-mannuronate residues to G occurs by the action of a C-5 epimerase at either the monomer (e.g., sugar-nucleotide) or the polymer level. This study describes the results of a molecular genetic approach to identify a gene involved in the formation or incorporation of G residues into alginate by P. aeruginosa. Mucoid P. aeruginosa FRD1 was chemically mutagenized, and mutants FRD462 and FRD465, which were incapable of incorporating G residues into alginate, were independently isolated. Assays using a G-specific alginate lyase from Klebsiella aerogenes and 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance analyses showed that G residues were absent in the alginates secreted by these mutants. 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance analyses also showed that alginate from wild-type P. aeruginosa contained no detectable blocks of G. The mutations responsible for defective incorporation of G residues into alginate in the mutants FRD462 and FRD465 were designated algG4 and algG7, respectively. Genetic mapping experiments revealed that algG was closely linked (greater than 90%) to argF, which lies at 34 min on the P. aeruginosa chromosome and is adjacent to a cluster of genes required for alginate biosynthesis. The clone pALG2, which contained 35 kilobases of P. aeruginosa DNA that included the algG and argF wild-type alleles, was identified from a P. aeruginosa gene bank by a screening method that involved gene replacement. A DNA fragment carrying algG was shown to complement algG4 and algG7 in trans. The algG gene was physically mapped on the alginate gene cluster by subcloning and Tn501 mutagenesis.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
ID Code:5557
Deposited On:19 Oct 2010 11:55
Last Modified:16 May 2016 16:02

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