Energetics of carbohydrate binding by a 14 kDa S-type mammalian lectin

Ramkumar, R. ; Surolia, A. ; Podder, S. K. (1995) Energetics of carbohydrate binding by a 14 kDa S-type mammalian lectin Biochemical Journal, 308 . pp. 237-241. ISSN 0006-2936

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Official URL: http://www.biochemj.org/bj/308/bj3080237.htm


The thermodynamics of the binding of derivatives of galactose and lactose to a 14 kDa β-galactoside-binding lectin (L-14) from sheep spleen has been studied in 10 nM phosphate/150 mM NaCl/10 mM β-mercaptoethanol buffer, pH 7.4, and in the temperature range 285-300 K using titration calorimetry. The single-site binding constants of various sugars for the lectin were in the following order: N-acetyl-lactosamine thiodigalactoside > 4-methylumbelliferyl lactoside > lactose > 4-methylumbelliferyl α-D-galactoside > methyl-α-galactose > methyl-β-galactose. Reactions were essentially enthalpically driven with the binding enthalpies ranging from -53.8 kJ/mol for thiodigalactoside at 301 K to -2.2 kJ/mol for galactose at 300 K, indicating that hydrogen-bonding and van der Waals interactions provide the major stabilization for these reactions. However, the binding of 4-methylumbelliferyl-α-D-galactose displays relatively favourable entropic contributions, indicating the existence of a non-polar site adjacent to the galactose-binding subsite. From the increments in the enthalpies for the binding of lactose, N-acetyl-lactosamine and thiodigalactoside relative to methyl-β-galactose, the contribution of glucose binding in the subsite adjacent to that for galactose shows that glucose makes a major contribution to the stability of L-14 disaccharide complexes. Observation of enthalpy-entropy compensation for the recognition of saccharides such as lactose by L-14 and the absence of it for monosaccharides such as galactose, together with the lack of appreciable changes in the heat capacity (ΔCp), indicate that reorganization of water plays an important role in these reactions.

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