Does heterochromatin variation potentiate speciation?

Thelma, B. K. ; Juyal, R. C. ; Tewari, R. ; Rao, S. R. V. (1988) Does heterochromatin variation potentiate speciation? Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 47 (4). pp. 204-208. ISSN 0301-0171

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An increasing incidence of sex-chromosome variation in constitutive heterochromatin, including individuals with mosaic genotypes, has been observed in a single natural population of Nesokia indica, the Indian mole rat. Variations in the heterochromatic areas of the X chromosome are largely due to deletions at R-band-positive regions corresponding to folate-sensitive fragile sites. All individuals with either a pre-or post-zygotic loss or gain of sex-chromosome heterochromatin have so far proved to be infertile. Whether such F, sterility is due to abnormal gonadal development, gametic incompetence, or other factors is not clear. More important is the indication that the constitutive heterochromatin of this species may contain coding DNA sequences with putative regulatory functions.

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