Bioaccumulation of chromium from tannery wastewater: an approach for chrome recovery and reuse

Aravindhan, Rathinam ; Madhan, Balaraman ; Rao, Jonnalagadda Raghav ; Unni Nair, Balachandran ; Ramasami, Thirumalachari (2004) Bioaccumulation of chromium from tannery wastewater: an approach for chrome recovery and reuse Environmental Science & Technology, 38 (1). pp. 300-306. ISSN 0013-936X

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The presence of chromium in the effluent is a major concern for the tanning industry. Currently, chemical precipitation methods are practiced for the removal of chromium from the effluent, but that leads to the formation of chrome-bearing solid wastes. The other membrane separation and ion exchange methods available are unfeasible due to their cost. In this study, the removal of chromium from tannery effluent has been carried out using abundantly available brown seaweed Sargassum wightii. Simulated chrome tanning solution was used for the standardization of experimental trials. Various factors influencing the uptake of chromium, viz., quantity of seaweed, concentrations of chromium, pH of the chrome-bearing wastewater, and duration of treatment, have been studied. Chemical modification of the seaweed through pretreatment with sulfuric acid, magnesium chloride, and calcium chloride showed improved uptake of chromium. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms have been fitted for various quantities of seaweed. The dynamic method of treatment of protonated seaweed with simulated chrome tanning solution at a pH of 3.5-3.8 for a duration of 6 h gave the maximum uptake of about 83%. A similar uptake has been established for commercial chrome tanning wastewater containing the same concentration of chromium. The Sargassum species exhibited a maximum uptake of 35 mg of chromium per gram of seaweed. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, and flame photometry studies have been carried out to understand the mechanistic pathway for the removal of chromium. The potential reuse of chromium-containing seaweed for the preparation of basic chromium sulfate (tanning agent) has been demonstrated.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:53332
Deposited On:10 Aug 2011 09:55
Last Modified:10 Aug 2011 09:55

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