Jet penetration and liquid splash in submerged gas injection

Igwe, Basil U. N. ; Ramachandran, S. ; Fulton, J. C. (1973) Jet penetration and liquid splash in submerged gas injection Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 4 (8). pp. 1887-1894. ISSN 1073-5615

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


Jet penetration, bubble dispersion, and liquid splash were studied in the nitrogen-water system. Among the effects evaluated were those due to lance design, nozzle dimensions, gas driving pressure, and liquid density. In side-nozzle injection, penetration is found to increase with jet force number, N, given by the product of the gas driving pressure and the nozzle diameter. In top-submerged injection, horizontal and vertical penetrations increase with the horizontal and vertical components, respectively, of the jet force number. Liquid splash is greater in the side-nozzle injection than in top-submerged multiple-orifice injection, and appears to decrease as the number of orifices increases.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.
ID Code:53303
Deposited On:08 Aug 2011 06:18
Last Modified:08 Aug 2011 06:18

Repository Staff Only: item control page