Stiffness coefficients of layered soil systems

Sridharan, A. ; Gandhi, N. S. V. V. S. J. ; Suresh, S. (1990) Stiffness coefficients of layered soil systems Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 116 (4). pp. 604-624. ISSN 1090-0241

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One of the most important dynamic properties required in the design of machine foundations is the stiffness or spring constant of the supporting soil. For a layered soil system, the stiffness obtained from an idealization of soils underneath as springs in series gives the same value of stiffness regardless of the location and extent of individual soil layers with respect to the base of the foundation. This paper aims to develop the importance of the relative positioning of soil layers and their thickness beneath the foundation. A simple and approximate procedure called the weighted average method has been proposed to obtain the equivalent stiffness of a layered soil system knowing the individual values of the layers, their relative position with respect to foundation base, and their thicknesses. The theoretically estimated values from the weighted average method are compared with those obtained by conducting field vibration tests using a square footing over different two- and three-layered systems and are found to be very good. The tests were conducted over a range of static and dynamic loads using three different materials. The results are also compared with the existing methods available in the literature.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Keywords:Machine Foundations; Stiffness; Dynamic Response; Layered Soils; Resonance; Shear Modulus; Vibration
ID Code:53122
Deposited On:05 Aug 2011 07:36
Last Modified:05 Aug 2011 07:36

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