Computer modeling studies of ribonuclease T1-guanosine monophosphate complexes

Balaji, P. V. ; Rao, V. S. R. ; Saenger, W. (1990) Computer modeling studies of ribonuclease T1-guanosine monophosphate complexes Biopolymers, 30 (3-4). pp. 257-272. ISSN 0006-3525

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The three-dimensional structures of ribonuclease (RNase) T1 complexes with the inhibitors 2'-guanylic acid (2'-GMP), 3'-guanylic acid (3'-GMP), and 5'-guanylic acid (5'-GMP) were predicted by energy minimization studies. It is shown that these inhibitors can bind to RNase T1 in either of the ribose puckered conformations (C2'-endo and C3'-endo) in solid state and exist in significant amounts in both forms in solution. These studies are in agreement with the x-ray crystallographic studies of the 2'-GMP-Lys25-RNase T1 complex, where the inhibitor binds in C2'-endo puckered conformation. These results are also in good agreement with the available 1H-nmr results of Inagaki et al. [(1985) Biochemistry24, 1013-1020], but differ from their conclusions where the authors favor only the C3'-endo ribose conformation for all the three inhibitors. The calculations explain the apparent discrepancies in the conclusions drawn by x-ray crystallographic and spectroscopic studies. An extensive hydrogen-bonding scheme was predicted in all the three complexes. The hydrogen-bonding scheme predicted for the 2'-GMP (C2'-endo)-RNase T1 complex agrees well with those reported from x-ray crystallographic studies. In all three complexes the base and the phosphate bind in nearly identical sites independent of the position of the phosphate or the ribose pucker. The glycosyl torsion angle favors a value in the +syn range in the 2'-GMP(C2'-endo)-RNase T1, 3'-GMP(C2'-endo)-RNase T1, and 3-GMP(C3'-endo)-RNase T1 complexes; in the high-synrange in the 2'-GMP(C3'-endo)-RNase T1 complex; and in the -syn range in the 5'-GMP(C2'-endo)-RNase T1, and 5'-GMP(C3'-endo)-RNase T1 complexes. These results are in agreement with experimental studies showing that the inhibitory power decreases in the order 2'-GMP > 3'-GMP > 5'-GMP, and they also explain the high pKa value observed for Glu58 in the 2'-GMP-RNase T1 complex.

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