Localization and origin of the intestinal peroxidase-effect of adrenal glucocorticoids

De, Swapan K. ; De, Mamata ; Banerjee, Ranajit K. (1986) Localization and origin of the intestinal peroxidase-effect of adrenal glucocorticoids Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, 24 (2). pp. 629-635. ISSN 0022-4731

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/002247...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4731(86)90130-5


Peroxidase activity in rat intestine is stimulated two-fold after bilateral adrenalectomy and is reversed by dexamethasone (9-fluoro-11β,17,21-trihydroxy-16α-methyl-1-4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione). The enzyme activity is inhibited on administration of various glucocorticoids of which dexamethasone acts as the most potent inhibitor of the enzyme in vivo. The change of enzyme activity results neither from alteration of the apparent Km of the enzyme nor from enzyme synthesis. Although a small amount of peroxidase is located in the intestinal epithelial cells, a large amount is present in the rest of the intestine. Histochemical studies indicate the presence of peroxidase in the lamina propia, the core of the intestinal villi which contains eosinophil. The peroxidase isolated from the epithelial cell-free intestine is similar to the peroxidase obtained from the pure eosinophil in terms of various physicochemical properties. Dexamethasone also inhibits the eosinophil peroxidase and decreases the number of both circulating and intestinal eosinophil. Studies indicate that a large part of the peroxidase of the intestine is contributed by invading eosinophil and dexamethasone inhibits the enzyme by sequestration of eosinophil both from intestine and blood possibly to the peripheral lymph nodes.

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