"Smoky" quartz

Raman, C. V. (1921) "Smoky" quartz Nature, 108 (2707). p. 81. ISSN 0028-0836

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Official URL: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v108/n2707/ab...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/108081a0


The deeply tinted varieties of quartz, such as "smoky" quartz and the yellow or madagascar variety, are generally transparent in the infra-red region of the spectrum to the same extent as clear rock-crystal, as may easily be demonstrated with the aid of a thermopile and galvanometer. I wish to suggest that a very simple physical explanation of this property may be offered. As has been emphasised in a paper by Prof. R. J. Strutt (now Lord Rayleigh) in the Proceedings of the Royal Society for 1919, these varieties of quartz are really optically turbid media, the opacity arising from the scattering of the radiations in their passage through the crystal by a cloud of small particles present as inclusions. Since scattering, of this kind is effective in inverse proportion to the fourth power of the wave-length, it can easily be seen why the longer heat-waves can traverse the crystal without appreciable loss. Some photometric observations which I have made of the relative transparency of the yellow and colourless varieties in different parts of the spectrum support this explanation.

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