Modified pushpull expanded corroles: syntheses, structure and nonlinear optical properties

Chandrashekar, Tavarekere K. ; Misra, Rajneesh ; Kumar, Rajeev ; PrabhuRaja, Viswanathan (2005) Modified pushpull expanded corroles: syntheses, structure and nonlinear optical properties Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 175 (2-3). pp. 108-117. ISSN 1010-6030

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A series of expanded corroles containing electron donating and electron withdrawing groups on the opposite meso-phenyl groups have been synthesized through a simple [3 + 2] oxidative coupling reaction of a tripyrrane containing electron donating group (OMe, Me) and dipyrromethane containing an electron withdrawing group (NO2, CN) in moderate yields. The photophysical studies reveal decrease in singlet lifetimes and quantum yields relative to normal corrole. The quantum yield, lifetime and Stokes shift depend on the nature of solvent and the largest Stokes shifts are observed in the polar solvents, suggesting a polar nature of the excited state. The molecular first hyperpolarizability (β) measured for expanded corroles shows moderate values (2430 × 10-30 esu). These values are approximately 56 times larger than those observed for structurally similar 18 π substituted tetraphenyl porphyrins, revealing that the nonlinear optical (NLO) response can be increased by increasing the number of π electrons in conjugation. An attempt has been made to correlate the observed β values with structure of the molecule and orientation of donor acceptor groups. The single crystal X-ray structure of 13 and 14 reveals nonplanarity of macrocycle and the dihedral angles between the macrocyclic π system and the meso-aryl rings vary in the range of (3375°) preventing an effective charge transfer interaction between the donor and acceptor groups required for observation of large β value. Formation of supramolecular ladder type structure for compound 13 through noncovalent CH...O hydrogen bonding interactions is also described.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Expanded Corrole; Nonlinear Optics; Oxidative Coupling Reaction; Pushpull Porphyrinoids; Supramolecular Chemistry
ID Code:5158
Deposited On:18 Oct 2010 06:23
Last Modified:27 May 2011 10:46

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