Where on Earth is the enriched Hadean reservoir?

Andreasen, R. ; Sharma, M. ; Subbarao, K. V. ; Viladkar, S. G. (2008) Where on Earth is the enriched Hadean reservoir? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 266 (1-2). pp. 14-28. ISSN 0012-821X

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00128...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2007.10.009


We report the results of an exhaustive search conducted to find 142Nd anomalies in the rocks associated with the Deccan and Iceland plumes. High-precision Nd isotopic measurements for the samples were inter-leaved with that for laboratory standards; the latter demonstrating an external reproducibility of 6 ppm (2σ). No measurable 142Nd anomalies were found in Deccan picrites and basalts despite earlier indications to the contrary. Primitive Icelandic ankaramites and basalts with primordial He and Ne isotopic signatures, and ultrabasic Deccan rocks (carbonatite/nephelinite) also do not show any anomalies. It is likely that deep mantle plume-derived lavas do not carry the negative 142Nd anomalies that are expected for an enriched Hadean reservoir with subchondritic Sm/Nd. It is evident from meteorite data that an enriched Hadean reservoir has to exist, unless the Bulk Earth accreted with a Sm/Nd ratio that was at least 3.5% higher than the chondrite average. The enriched Hadean reservoir may be (i) subducted protocrust in the D" layer, in which case negative 142Nd anomalies and primordial noble gases would be associated with each other, (ii) the first cumulates of a magma ocean in the lower mantle, in which case negative 142Nd and primordial noble gases may be decoupled, or (iii) the core, in which case searches for negative 142Nd anomalies in mantle derived rocks are futile. Experiments at core-forming temperatures, pressures, composition, and oxidation states are needed to constrain possible REE partitioning into the core.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:142Nd, Mantle Plume; Early Enriched Reservoir; Magma Ocean; Deccan Traps; Iceland
ID Code:51301
Deposited On:28 Jul 2011 07:13
Last Modified:28 Jul 2011 07:13

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