Mutations in the Res subunit of the EcoPI restriction enzyme that affect ATP-dependent reactions

Saha, Swati ; Rao, Desirazu N. (1997) Mutations in the Res subunit of the EcoPI restriction enzyme that affect ATP-dependent reactions Journal of Molecular Biology, 269 (3). pp. 342-354. ISSN 0022-2836

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The Res subunits of the type III restriction-modification enzymes share a statistically significant amino acid sequence similarity with several RNA and DNA helicases of the so-called DEAD family. It was postulated that in type III restriction enzymes a DNA helicase activity may be required for local unwinding at the cleavage site. The members of this family share seven conserved motifs, all of which are found in the Res subunit of the type III restriction enzymes. To determine the contribution, if any, of these motifs in DNA cleavage by EcoPI, a type III restriction enzyme, we have made changes in motifs I and II. While mutations in motif I (GTGKT) clearly affected ATP hydrolysis and resulted in loss of DNA cleavage activity, mutation in motif II (DEPH) significantly decreased ATP hydrolysis but had no effect on DNA cleavage. The double mutant R.EcoPIK90R-H229K showed no significant ATPase or DNA restriction activity though ATP binding was not affected. These results imply that there are at least two ATPase reaction centres in EcoPI restriction enzyme. Motif I appears to be involved in coupling DNA restriction to ATP hydrolysis. Our results indicate that EcoPI restriction enzyme does not have a strand separation activity. We suggest that these motifs play a role in the ATP-dependent translocation that has been proposed to occur in the type III restriction enzymes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:DEAD Box Motif; ATP Hydrolysis; Type III Restriction Enzymes
ID Code:51217
Deposited On:28 Jul 2011 07:23
Last Modified:28 Jul 2011 07:23

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