Structural and metamorphic evolution of the rocks of the Jutogh Group, Chur half-klippe, Himachal Himalayas: a summary and comparison with the Simla area

Mukhopadhyay, Dilip K. ; Ghosh, Tamal K. ; Bhadra, Bidyut K. ; Srivastava, Deepak C. (1997) Structural and metamorphic evolution of the rocks of the Jutogh Group, Chur half-klippe, Himachal Himalayas: a summary and comparison with the Simla area Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Earth and Planetary Sciences, 106 (4). pp. 197-207. ISSN 0253-4126

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The rocks of the Jutogh Group in the Himachal Himalayas and their equivalents elsewhere are now considered to represent a several km thick crustal scale ductile shear zone, the so called Main Central Thrust Zone. In this article we present a summary of structural and metamorphic evolution of the Jutogh Group of rocks in the Chur half-klippe and compare our results with those of Naha and Ray (1972) who worked in the adjacent Simla klippe. The deformational history of the Jutogh Group of rocks in the area around the Chur-peak, as deduced from small-scale structures, can be segmented into: (1) an early event giving rise to two sets of very tight to isoclinal and coaxial folds with gentle dip of axial planes and easterly or westerly trend of axes, (2) an event of superimposed progressive ductile shearing during which a plethora of small-scale structures have developed which includes successive generations of strongly non-cylindrical folds, several generations of mylonitic foliation, extensional structures and late-stage small-scale thrusts, and (3) a last stage deformation during which a set of open and upright folds developed, but these are regionally unimportant. The structure in the largest scale (tens of km) can be best described in terms of stacked up thin thrust sheets. Km-scale asymmetric recumbent folds with strongly non-cylindrical hinge lines, developed as a consequence of ductile shearing, are present in one of these thrust sheets. The ductile shearing, large-scale folding and thrusting can be related to the development of the Main Central Thrust Zone. The microstructural relations show that the main phase of regional low-to medium-grade metamorphism (T ≈ 430-600°C and P ≈ 4.5-8.5 kbar) is pre-kinematic with respect to the formation of the Main Central Thrust Zone. Growth zoned garnets with typical bell-shaped Mn profiles and compensating bowl-shaped Fe profiles are compatible with this phase of metamorphism. Some of the larger garnet grains, however, show flat compositional profiles; if they represent homogenization of growth zoning, it would be a possible evidence of a relict high-grade metamorphism. The ductile shearing was accompanied by a low-greenschist facies metamorphism during which mainly chlorite and occasionally biotite porphyroblasts crystallized.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords:Himachal Himalayas; Structure; Metamorphism; Ductile Shearing; Main Central Thrust; Jutogh Group
ID Code:51192
Deposited On:27 Jul 2011 14:35
Last Modified:18 May 2016 05:14

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