Resonances, scattering theory, and rigged Hilbert spaces

Parravicini, Guido ; Gorini, Vittorio ; Sudarshan, E. C. G. (1980) Resonances, scattering theory, and rigged Hilbert spaces Journal of Mathematical Physics, 21 (8). pp. 2208-2226. ISSN 0022-2488

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The problem of decaying states and resonances is examined within the framework of scattering theory in a rigged Hilbert space formalism. The stationary free,"in," and "out" eigenvectors of formal scattering theory, which have a rigorous setting in rigged Hilbert space, are considered to be analytic functions of the energy eigenvalue. The value of these analytic functions at any point of regularity, real or complex, is an eigenvector with eigenvalue equal to the position of the point. The poles of the eigenvector families give origin to other eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian: the singularities of the "out" eigenvector family are the same as those of the continued S matrix, so that resonances are seen as eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian with eigenvalue equal to their location in the complex energy plane. Cauchy theorem then provides for expansions in terms of "complete" sets of eigenvectors with complex eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian. Applying such expansions to the survival amplitude of a decaying state, one finds that resonances give discrete contributions with purely exponential time behavior; the background is of course present, but explicitly separated. The resolvent of the Hamiltonian, restricted to the nuclear space appearing in the rigged Hilbert space, can be continued across the absolutely continuous spectrum; the singularities of the continuation are the same as those of the "out" eigenvectors. The free, "in" and "out" eigenvectors with complex eigenvalues and those corresponding to resonances can be approximated by physical vectors in the Hilbert space, as plane waves can. The need for having some further physical information in addition to the specification of the total Hamiltonian is apparent in the proposed framework. The formalism is applied to the Lee-Friedrichs model and to the scattering of a spinless particle by a local central potential.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords:Hilbert Space; Scattering; Hamiltonians; Eigenvalues; Eigenvectors; Resonance; S Matrix; Quantum Mechanics
ID Code:51140
Deposited On:27 Jul 2011 12:49
Last Modified:27 Jul 2011 12:49

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