Occurrence of B-chromosomes in diploid Allium stracheyi Baker and their elimination in polyploids

Sharma, Arun Kumar ; Aiyangar, Hamsa Rama (1961) Occurrence of B-chromosomes in diploid Allium stracheyi Baker and their elimination in polyploids Chromosoma, 12 (1). pp. 310-317. ISSN 0009-5915

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/j825n0524625n5...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00328926


In a population of Allium stracheyi Baker (2n=14) growing in Darjeeling both diploids and polyploids occur. The diploids contain B-chromosomes varying from 2-10 in number. Polyploids are conspicuous by absence of B-chromosomes. These in diploids are found in the pollen mother cells and also in the pollen, and some are provided with subterminal constriction. Diploid individuals when brought from Darjeeling to Calcutta (i. e. from temperate to tropical regions) became polyploid within a month and the B-chromosomes were simultaneously lost. In order to confirm this unexpected result, the transfer experiment has been repeated thrice with fresh collections in each case and selection of diploid bulbs after cytological observation. In all cases the result has been the same. In rare cases one or two B-chromosomes were found in the polyploid cells which might represent intermediate steps of the disappearance. B-chromosomes in diploids possibly help the individual to compete with polyploids by enlarging the adaptive capacity. The sudden polyploidisation by transfer from the mountains to the plains might have been the result of a shock due to the temperature difference. The high temperature may be deleterious for the reproduction of B-chromosomes, and their degeneration products possibly contribute to cytoplasmic changes and the spindle disturbances which effect polyploidisation.

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