New results from ooty eas array for cosmic sources at PeV energies: CYGNUS X-3, Crab pulsar and Sco X-1

Tonwar, S. C. ; Gupta, S. K. ; Gopalakrishnan, N. V. ; Rajeev, M. R. ; Srivatsan, R. ; Sreekantan, B. V. (1990) New results from ooty eas array for cosmic sources at PeV energies: CYGNUS X-3, Crab pulsar and Sco X-1 Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements, 14 (1). pp. 226-234. ISSN 0920-5632

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Ooty group has reported detection of a steady signal from Cyg X-3 based on observations made during 1984-1986 through detection of a directional excess. Further analysis of data has revealed a significant flux enhancement during April 1986, confirming observations reported by the CYGNUS group at Los Alamos and the Baksan group. These results show conclusively that the flux from Cyg X-3 is variable over a time scale of few weeks. We also report here the details of an unusual burst from Cyg X-3, consisting of 5 showers in 13 minutes, on June 19, 1985, which shows the variability of the flux from Cyg X-3 on a much shorter time scale of few minutes. Our analysis of showers arriving from the direction of the Crab pulsar has shown only a small time-averaged excess. But these data, when folded with the Crab pulsar period, show a very significant excess at the expected phase of the optical interpulse. This is the first detection of 33 ms pulsation in the PeV energy flux from the Crab pulsar. The exact alignment of the phase of emission over nearly 20 decades of energy, from meter wavelengths to PeV, makes the Crab pulsar a really unique source to study and understand details of mechanisms for emission and acceleration of particles in compact sources. We also present here a discussion of our observations on another x-ray binary, Sco X-1. Ooty data show a very significant excess in the number of showers from the direction of Sco X-1 during a two month period in 1986, in agreement with observations reported by the Mt. Chacaltaya group. These observations establish this x-ray binary as another important source of PeV energy radiation.

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