Effect of toluidine blue on pollen germination and pollen tube growth

Ghosh, Sunanda ; Shivanna, K. R. (1977) Effect of toluidine blue on pollen germination and pollen tube growth Biologia Plantarum, 19 (5). pp. 360-364. ISSN 0006-3134

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/f0835875113432...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02922732


Toluidine blue is known to induce gynogenic haploids in significant numbersin Populus]. Because the efficacy of a chemical in inducing gynogenesis depends largely on its effeot on pollen germination, on pollen tube growth, and on male gamete formation, the effect of toluidine blue (0, 1, 10 and 100 mgl−1) on these processes was studied in treated pistils ofSolatium nigrum (4 X), as well as on cultured pollen grains ofS. nigrum andTrigonella foenumgraecum. Irrespective of the time of application, toluidine blue (1 and 10 mg I−1) had no effect on pollen germination or pollen tube growth in pistils ofS. nigrum; at 100 mg I−1 it invariably inhibited both the processes. Almost similar responses were elicited by cultured pollen grains. InT. foenum-graecum toluidine blue had no effeot on pollen germination and suppressed tube growth. Gamete formation was inhibited, to various degrees, at all the concentrations tested; at 100 ing I−1 hardly any pollen tube showed gamete formation. Based on our results, and those on other systems, the potentiality of toluidine blue as an inducer of gynogenesis has been analysed.

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