Fluorescence and N.M.R. studies of the binding of cholinergic fluorescent probes to horse serum cholinesterase

Narayanan, Revathi ; Balaram, P. (1981) Fluorescence and N.M.R. studies of the binding of cholinergic fluorescent probes to horse serum cholinesterase International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research, 17 (2). pp. 170-180. ISSN 0367-8377

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1215926...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3011.1981.tb01979.x


The interaction of the cholinergic fluorescent probes, 1-(5-dimethyl-aminoaphthalene-1-sulfonamido) ethane-2-trimethylammonium perchlorate, 1-(5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonamido) pentane-5-trimethylammonium tartarate and 1-(5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonamido) decane-10- trimethylammonium tartarate with horse serum cholinesterase has been examined by fluorescence and n.m.r. methods. Fluorescence titrations show binding of the decane derivative to two sites on the protein whereas the lower homologs bind largely to one site. Active site inhibitors like curbamylcholine and decamethonium abolish binding of the decane derivative to the high affinity site. The inhibitors are largely without effect on the binding of the lower homologs. N.m.r. studies clearly establish immobilization of both ends of the molecule on binding in the case of the decane derivative, whereas in the lower homologs the dimethylamino group on the naphthalene ring is significantly more affected in the presence of enzyme. The probes are effective inhibitors of the enzyme with the decane derivative being two orders of magnitude more effective than its lower homologs. Based on the n.m.r., fluorescence and inhibition studies, a model for probe binding to the enzyme is advanced. It appears that the decane derivative binds with high affinity to the catalytic anionic site while the lower affinity site is assigned to a peripheral anionic site. The lower homologs probe only the peripheral site. A comparison of fluorescence, n.m.r. and inhibition studies with acetylcholinesterases from electric eel and bovine erythrocytes is presented.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Munksgaard International Publishers.
Keywords:Cholinergic Inhibitors; Cholinergic Probes; Cholinesterase; Fluorescence; Fluorescent Probes; Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
ID Code:4884
Deposited On:18 Oct 2010 06:20
Last Modified:16 May 2011 09:08

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