Metabolism of carbaryl and carbofuran in soil planted to rice

Brahmaprakash, G. P. ; Sethunathan, N. (1985) Metabolism of carbaryl and carbofuran in soil planted to rice Agriculture, Ecosystems &Environment, 13 (1). pp. 33-42. ISSN 0167-8809

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In greenhouse experiments carbaryl and carbofuran disappeared more rapidly from a soil planted to rice than from an unplanted soil under both flooded and non-flooded (60% water-holding capacity) conditions. The rate of degradation was little affected by the moisture regime. The degradation of both carbamate insecticides proceeded essentially by hydrolysis. Further degradation of the hydrolysis products, 1-naphthol from carbaryl and 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-ol from carbofuran was slow in both planted and unplanted systems. A significant portion (20-38%) of the ring 14C in carbaryl and carbofuran accumulated in the soil as the respective hydrolysis products + soil-bound residues. Evolution of 14CO2 from the 14C (from both side chain and ring labels) in carbaryl and carbofuran was negligible even in soil planted to rice.

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