Synergistic effects of Trichoshield on enhancement of growth and resistance to downy mildew in pearl millet

Niranjan Raj, S. ; Shetty, N. P. ; Shetty, H. S. (2005) Synergistic effects of Trichoshield on enhancement of growth and resistance to downy mildew in pearl millet BioControl, 50 (3). pp. 493-509. ISSN 1386-6141

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Trichoshield, a talc formulation consisting of spores of Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma lignorum, Gliocladium virens and Bacillus subtilis was tested, following different application methods, for its ability to promote growth of pearl millet plants and to induce resistance to downy mildew of pearl millet. Under laboratory conditions, trichoshield seed treatment enhanced seed germination and seedling vigor of pearl millet significantly over the control; under greenhouse conditions vegetative growth parameters like height, fresh and dry weight, leaf area and number of tillers were significantly enhanced over the control: Trichoshield formulation offered greater protection against downy mildew in comparison with individual strains of T. harzianum, T. lignorum, G. virens and B. subtilis. Among the methods of application, foliar spray was found to be a more efficient delivery method than seed treatment or slurry treatment. Combinations of foliar spray with seed treatment and slurry treatment produced the same effect as foliar spray alone. Under field conditions, trichoshield treatment enhanced reproductive parameters like number of earheads, length and girth of earheads, 1000 seed weight and yield significantly over the control. Days required for 50% flowering was reduced by 4 days compared to the control. Yield enhancement of 28% over the control was highly significant. Trichoshield treatment offered protection ranging from 52 to 71% under field conditions, depending on the application method. However, the chemical fungicide metalaxyl Apron provided the highest protection against downy mildew, both under greenhouse and field conditions.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:Biofertilizers; Biopesticides; Integrated Pest Management
ID Code:46674
Deposited On:06 Jul 2011 07:17
Last Modified:06 Jul 2011 07:17

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