CP violation and matter effect for a variable earth density in very long baseline experiments

Brahmachari, Biswajoy ; Choubey, Sandhya ; Roy, Probir (2003) CP violation and matter effect for a variable earth density in very long baseline experiments Nuclear Physics B, 671 . pp. 483-497. ISSN 0550-3213

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2003.08.009


The perturbative treatment of subdominant oscillation and matter effect in neutrino beams/superbeams, propagating over long baselines and being used to look for CP violation, is studied here for a general matter density function varying with distance. New lowest order analytic expressions are given for different flavour transition and survival probabilities in a general neutrino mixing basis and a variable earth matter density profile. It is demonstrated that the matter effect in the muon neutrino (antineutrino) flavour survival probability vanishes to this order, provided the depletion, observed for atmospheric muon neutrinos and antineutrinos at super-Kamiokande, is strictly maximal. This result is independent of the earth density profile and the distance L between the source and the detector. In the general variable density case we show that one cannot separate the matter induced asymmetry from a genuine CP effect by keeping two detectors at distances L1 and L2 from the source while maintaining a fixed ratio L1/E1=L2/E2. This needs to be done numerically and we estimate the asymmetry generated by the earth matter effect with particular density profiles and some chosen parameters for very long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments.

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ID Code:46492
Deposited On:05 Jul 2011 06:17
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