A new aspect of daily variations of the geomagnetic field at low latitude

Alexa, S. ; Kadama, B. D. ; Rastogi, R. G. (1992) A new aspect of daily variations of the geomagnetic field at low latitude Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, 54 (7-8). pp. 863-869. ISSN 0021-9169

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9169(92)90053-N


Data from the unique network of low latitude geomagnetic observatories in India extending from the dip equator to the northern focus of the Sq current system have shown a new type of Sq current distribution different from those associated with the normal or the counter electrojet currents. On 3 December 1985 both the horizontal as well as the vertical components of the geomagnetic field at Annamalainagar showed maximum values around the midday hours. The abnormal feature described seems to be rather a rare phenomenon. The solar daily range of H field is found to be fairly constant from the dip equator up to about 12° dip latitude, suggesting the complete absence of the equatorial enhancement of ΔH, typical of the equatorial electrojet. The cancellation of the equatorial electrojet is suggested to be caused by a westward flowing current system much wider than the conventional equatorial electrojet. This additional current system could be due to the excitation of certain tidal modes at low latitudes on such abnormal days.

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