Westward equatorial electrojet during daytime hours

Rastogi, R. G. (1974) Westward equatorial electrojet during daytime hours Journal of Geophysical Research - A: Space Physics, 79 (10). pp. 1503-1512. ISSN 0196-6928

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Official URL: http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/1974/JA079i010p01...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JA079i010p01503


The phenomenon of the depression of the geomagnetic horizontal field during the daytime hours of magnetically quiet days at equatorial stations is described. These events are generally seen around 0700 and 1600 LT, being more frequent during the evening than the morning hours. The evening events are more frequent during periods of low solar activity and in the longitude region of weak equatorial electrojet currents. The latitudinal extent of the phenomenon is limited to the normal equatorial electrojet region, and on some occasions the phenomenon is not seen at both stations, separated by only a few hours in longitude. During such an event the latitudinal profile of the geomagnetic vertical field across the equator is reversed, the ionospheric drift near the equator is reversed toward the east, the q type of sporadic E layer is completely absent, and the height of the peak ionization in the F2 region is decreased. It is suggested that these effects are due to a narrow band of current flowing westward in the E region of the ionosphere and within the latitude region of the normal equatorial electrojet due to the reversal of the east-west electrostatic field at low latitudes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Geophysical Union.
ID Code:45848
Deposited On:29 Jun 2011 06:46
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