A role for voltage-dependent anion channel Vdac1 in polyglutamine-mediated neuronal cell death

Ghosh, Tanay ; Pandey, Neeraj ; Maitra, Arindam ; Brahmachari, Samir K. ; Pillai, Beena (2007) A role for voltage-dependent anion channel Vdac1 in polyglutamine-mediated neuronal cell death PLoS ONE, 2 (11). e1170_1-e1170_10. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.137...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0001170


Expansion of trinucleotide repeats in coding and non-coding regions of genes is associated with sixteen neurodegenerative disorders. However, the molecular effects that lead to neurodegeneration have remained elusive. We have explored the role of transcriptional dysregulation by T̲ATA-box b̲inding p̲rotein (TBP) containing an expanded polyglutamine stretch in a mouse neuronal cell culture based model. We find that mouse neuronal cells expressing a variant of human TBP harboring an abnormally expanded polyQ tract not only form intranuclear aggregates, but also show transcription dysregulation of the voltage dependent anion channel, Vdac1, increased cytochrome c release from the mitochondria and upregulation of genes involved in localized neuronal translation. On the other hand, unfolded protein response seemed to be unaffected. Consistent with an increased transcriptional effect, we observe an elevated promoter occupancy by TBP in vivo in TATA containing and TATA-less promoters of differentially expressed genes. Our study suggests a link between transcriptional dysfunction and cell death in trinucleotide repeat mediated neuronal dysfunction through voltage dependent anion channel, Vdac1, which has been recently recognized as a critical determinant of cell death.

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