Electron spin resonance studies of d5 ions (Fe3+ and Mn2+) in lead oxide-lead halide glasses

Rao, B. G. ; Rao, K. J. (1986) Electron spin resonance studies of d5 ions (Fe3+ and Mn2+) in lead oxide-lead halide glasses Chemical Physics, 102 (1-2). pp. 121-132. ISSN 0301-0104

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Official URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/030101...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(86)85123-0


Electron spin resonance (ESR) of d5 ions (Fe3+ and Mn2+) has been investigated in PbO---PbF2 and PbO---PbCl2 glasses in wide ranges of composition. ESR spectra of d5 ions in these glasses exhibit significant differences which we have attributed to at least three important causes: (i) The ionic potentials of Fe3+ and Mn2+ are different. Hence Fe3+ ions tend to acquire their own environment while Mn2+ ions take up substitutional (Pb2+ ion) positions. (ii) The sizes and nephelauxetic behaviours of O2- and F- ions are similar. Thus even when there is a mixed anionic coordination, the environment of Mn2+ ions is highly symmetrical in oxyfluoride glasses. The Mn2+ spectra in oxychloride glasses are considerably different. (iii) Increase in halide ion concentration increases the ionicity of lead-ligand bonding and favours a more symmetrical environment around dopant ions in halide-rich glasses. The features in ESR spectra have been interpreted in the light of known behaviour of d5 ions in glasses and also in the context of known structural features of PbO---PbX2 glasses. Dopant ions appear to cluster at high concentrations although isolated low-symmetry sites are still observed. Effects of crystallization and annealing upon ESR spectra have also been investigated.

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