Eocene ziphodont crocodilia from Northwestern India

Sahni, Ashok ; Srivastava, Mahesh Chandra ; D'Souza, Richard (1978) Eocene ziphodont crocodilia from Northwestern India Geobios, 11 (5). pp. 779-785. ISSN 0016-6995

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-6995(78)80011-4


The Middle Eocene (Lutetian) strata constituting the top of the Subathu Formation in Jammu and Kashmir, have yielded a large number of ziphodont crocodilians. The affinity of these serrated-toothed crocodiles has been assigned to the Eusuchian Pristichampsus rather than to the Sebecosuchia. The teeth are morphologically diverse, strongly fluted with serrations varying from fine to coarse. It is believed that the Kashmir ziphodont crocodiles are migrant descendants of Chinese forms which spread across the Indian sub-continent. Their presence in Europe may be accounted by migration along with Asiatosuchus across the Turgai Straits sometime in the Early Eocene.

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